Volume 20, Issue 4 (Winter 2015)                   IJPCP 2015, 20(4): 296-287 | Back to browse issues page

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Jabbari M, Shahidi S, Mootabi F. Effectiveness of Group Intervention based on Positive Psychology in Reducing Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety and Increasing Life Satisfaction in Adolescent Girls . IJPCP. 2015; 20 (4) :296-287
URL: http://ijpcp.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2307-en.html
1- Corresponding author: Faculty of Education and Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran, IR. Fax: +9821-22431688 , jabari.mahsa@gmail.com
2- Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (8604 Views)
Objectives: This study was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of group intervention based on positive psychology in decreasing depression and anxiety symptoms and increasing life satisfaction in adolescent girls. Method: Using convenient sampling method 31 girls aged 14-15 years with mild to moderate symptoms of depression and anxiety were assigned randomly to experimental and control groups. The intervention was given to the experimental group during 11 weekly two-hour sessions. Depression and anxiety symptoms were measured using Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scales (DASS-21) and life satisfaction was measured using Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), before and after four months of intervention. Data were analyzed using repeated measures analysis of variances. Results: The results showed that in the experimental compared with the control group symptoms of depression (p=0.002, F=1018), anxiety (p=0.005, F=9.31) and stress (p=0.001, F=12.62) were decreased, while life satisfaction (p=0.003, F=10.18) was increased. The inter-group changes of all variables at follow-up and 9-month periods were not significant compared with post-test. Conclusion: Group intervention based on positive psychology reduces depression, anxiety and stress significantly. Therefore, it could be used to reduce preclinical symptoms  
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Psychiatry and Psychology
Received: 2015/06/27 | Accepted: 2015/06/27 | Published: 2015/06/27

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