دوره 23، شماره 2 - ( تابستان 1396 )                   جلد 23 شماره 2 صفحات 148-163 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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Amiri S, Isazadegan A, Yaghobi A, Abdollahi M H. The Effects of Cognitive Appraisal and Emotional Suppression on Autonomic Nervous Reactions on the Basis of Sensory Processing Sensitivity. IJPCP. 2017; 23 (2) :148-163
URL: http://ijpcp.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2766-fa.html
امیری سهراب، عیسی زادگان علی، یعقوبی ابوالقاسم، عبداللهی محمدحسین. آثار ارزیابی شناختی و سرکوبگری هیجانی بر واکنشهای عصبی خودکار بر اساس حساسیت پردازش حسی. مجله روانپزشكي و روانشناسي باليني ايران. 1396; 23 (2) :148-163

URL: http://ijpcp.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2766-fa.html


1- دکترای روانشناسی گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه ارومیه
2- دکترای روانشناسی، دانشیار گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه ارومیه ، E-mail: ali_issazadeg@yahoo.com
3- دکترای روان­شناسی، دانشیار گروه روان­شناسی، دانشکده اقتصاد و علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا
4- دکترای روان­شناسی شناختی، دانشیار گروه روانشناسی عمومی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه خوارزمی تهران
چکیده:   (1073 مشاهده)
اهداف هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی تأثیر راهبردهای تنظیم هیجان ارزیابی شناختی و سرکوبگری هیجانی بر واکنشهای عصبی خودکار بر اساس ابعاد حساسیت پردازش حسی بالا و حساسیت پردازش حسی پایین در دانشجویان بود.
مواد و روشها به این منظور، ابتدا 500 نفر از دانشجویان دانشگاه بوعلی سینای همدان از طریق نمونهگیری طبقهای از دانشکدهها انتخاب شدند.پس از تحلیل نتایج اولیه 45 نفر از آنان بر اساس نمرات انتهایی توزیع (Z استاندارد) در مقیاس حساسیت پردازش حسی انتخاب شدند و در نهایت به منظور آزمون فرضیههای پژوهش، شرکتکنندگان برای سنجش واکنشهای عصبی خودکار تحت شرایط مشاهده معمولی، ارزیابی شناختی و سرکوبگری هیجانی مطالعه شدند. برای بررسی نتایج پژوهش، دادهها پس از جمعآوری با استفاده از نرم افزار spss22 و آزمون تحلیل کوواریانس چندمتغیره، کوواریانس تکمتغیره و آزمون­های تعقیبی تحلیل شدند.
یافتهها نتایج نشان داد که بین سه گروه آزمودنی بر اساس ابعاد تنظیم هیجان و حساسیت پردازش حسی تفاوت معناداری در ابعاد واکنشهای عصبی خودکار وجود دارد؛ گروه با حساسیت پردازش حسی بالا (HSP) میزان ضربان قلب بالاتر و فشار خون سیستولیک بیشتری داشتند.در حالت مشاهده معمولی، سرکوبگری و ارزیابی شناختی، میزان فشار دیاستولیک در مقایسه با حالت پایه پایینتر بود. سرکوبگری و ارزیابی شناختی در مقایسه با مشاهده معمولی کاهش فشار دیاستولیک را در پی داشت و نیز نشاندهنده میزان بالاتر ضربان قلب در حالات پایه در مقایسه با مشاهده معمولی بود
نتیجهگیری استفاده از ارزیابی شناختی و سرکوبگری در مقایسه با حالت مشاهده معمولی موجب افزایش ضربان قلب شد. بنابراین ارزیابی شناختی و سرکوبگری به عنوان راهبرد تنظیم هیجان میتواند در تعامل با ویژگیهای شخصیتی مرتبط با حساسیت پردازش حسی باشد و همچنین به اثرگذاری بر واکنشهای فیزیولوژیک منجر شود
واژه‌های کلیدی: هیجان، سیستم عصبی خودکار، حساسیت
متن کامل [PDF 6903 kb]   (502 دریافت) |   |   متن کامل (HTML)  (134 مشاهده)  
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي اصيل | موضوع مقاله: عمومى
دریافت: ۱۳۹۵/۴/۸ | پذیرش: ۱۳۹۵/۹/۱۷ | انتشار: ۱۳۹۶/۴/۱۰

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