Volume 28, Issue 1 (Spring 2022)                   IJPCP 2022, 28(1): 76-89 | Back to browse issues page

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Damari B, Masoudi Farid H, Hajebi A, Derakhshannia F, Ehsani-Chimeh E. Divorce Indices, Causes, and Implemented Interventions in Iran. IJPCP 2022; 28 (1) :76-89
URL: http://ijpcp.iums.ac.ir/article-1-3262-en.html
1- Governance and Health Department, Neuroscience Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Community Medicine Specialist, Welfare Organization of Iran, Tehran, Iran.
3- Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Research Center for Addiction and Risky Behaviors (ReCARB), Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4- Social Working Specialist, Strengthen Women and the Family Department, Welfare Organization of Iran, Tehran, Iran.
5- National Institute for Health Research (NIHR), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , ehsanielham@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (3714 Views)
Objectives Divorce is one of the most important social harms. This study investigated the divorce trends, causes, and implemented interventions.
Methods A qualitative approach with a content analysis method was conducted. The study data were collected by reviewing relevant documents such as scientific articles and official reports, interviewing experts, and holding focus group Discussion. Sampling was performed with purposive sampling and the snowball technique to identify experts and professionals in this area.
Results In recent years, the ratio of the divorce to marriage has been increasing, and in 2016, it reached its highest level (25.3 divorce per 100 marriages). Weak literacy and marital skills, changing patterns of matching, increased individualism and self-interest seeking, unemployment, addiction, and cyber ads (online advertising) were considered the most important reasons for divorce, according to the experts’ views. Currently, a program for controlling and decreasing the divorce rate is implemented. However, the most critical challenges of the program are weak inter-sectoral collaboration and community participation, dispersing and islanding social services, and also the effect of political, economic, social, technological, environmental, and international macro factors on mentioned national program.
Conclusion Social harms inside the family are complicated. So, it requires the cooperation of scattered and islanding services in the form of comprehensive social care units for the target population throughout the country. Also, capacity building and national programs institution literacy should be strengthened.
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Psychiatry and Psychology
Received: 2020/06/10 | Accepted: 2021/07/6 | Published: 2022/04/1

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