Volume 26, Issue 4 (Winter 2021)                   IJPCP 2021, 26(4): 448-463 | Back to browse issues page


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Karimi S, Pirmoradi M, Ashouri A, Aghebati A. Relationship of Temperament and Character Traits, Emotional Regulation and Perceived Parenting With Self-harming Behaviors in Adolescents. IJPCP 2021; 26 (4) :448-463
URL: http://ijpcp.iums.ac.ir/article-1-3104-en.html
1- Department of Clinical Psychology, School of Behavioral Sciences and Mental Health (Tehran Institute of Psychiatry), Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Clinical Psychology, School of Behavioral Sciences and Mental Health (Tehran Institute of Psychiatry), Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , pirmoradi.mr@iums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (3299 Views)
Objectives: The current study aims to provide a structural modeling of self-harm behaviors in adolescents based on their temperament and character traits, emotion regulation strategies, and perceived parenting.
Methods: This is a descriptive/correlational study. The study population consists of all high school students (1-3th grade) during 2017-2018 in Tehran, Iran. Of these, 159 with a mean age of 15±0.75 years were selected by using a cluster sampling technique. they were assessed by Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), Parenting Styles and Dimensions Questionnaire (PSDQ), Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ), and Deliberate Self-Harming Inventory (DSHI). For data analysis, Pearson correlation test and structural equation modeling were conducted in LISREL v. 8.8 and SPSS v. 20 applications.
Results: Novelty seeking dimension of TCI and maladaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategies had a direct and positive relationship with self-harming behavior. Although harm avoidance dimension of TCI and authoritarian parenting had no direct effect on self-harming behaviors, they became effective after mediation by maladaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategies. Maladaptive emotion regulation strategies and novelty seeking together were able to predict 22% of the variance in self- harming behavior
Conclusion: Novelty seeking personality trait and authoritarian parenting can affect and predict self-harming behaviors of the adolescents.
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Psychiatry and Psychology
Received: 2019/10/7 | Accepted: 2020/06/8 | Published: 2021/01/1

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