Volume 11, Number 1 (5-2005)                   IJPCP 2005, 11(1): 31-42 | Back to browse issues page


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Azimi Lolati H, Danesh M M, Hosseini S H, Khalilian A, Zarghami M. Postpartum Depression in Clients at Health Care Centers in Sari . IJPCP. 2005; 11 (1) :31-42
URL: http://ijpcp.iums.ac.ir/article-1-82-en.html

, E-mail: hamidehazimi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (14813 Views)
 

Abstract

Introduction: This study was aimed to determine the prevalence and pertaining contributors of postpartum depression (PD) in clients referring to the Health Care Centers in Sari city, Iran.

Method: 422 pregnant women at their third trimester referred to ten antenatal care units from Feb. 2001 to Aug. 2002. Mothers were further followed up 6-8 weeks after childbirth. The data was collec- ted using Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS), short form of Spielberger’s State Anxiety Inventory, General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) and a demographic questionnaire.

Results: According to the EPDS the prevalence of PD was 22% (n=92) during 6-8 weeks after de- livery. Also, 30% of the mothers were depressed during the third trimester of pregnancy. Based on the GHQ data analysis, 37% (n=157) and 31% (n=132) of the samples were suspected to have a psychiatric morbidity in the third trimester and 6-8 weeks postpartum, respectively. There was a significant relationship between postpartum depression and stressful life events, family support, baby’s health problems, perceived ability to nurse the baby, and the problems at delivery.

Conclusion: The prevalence of depression and psychiatric disorders are higher during pregnancy and decrease postpartum.

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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: General
Received: 2007/03/25

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