Volume 14, Number 4 (Winter 2009)                   IJPCP 2009, 14(4): 439-444 | Back to browse issues page


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Zaki M A. Reliability and Validity of the Social Provision Scale (SPS) in the Students of Isfahan University. IJPCP. 2009; 14 (4) :439-444
URL: http://ijpcp.iums.ac.ir/article-1-614-en.html

PhD. in Sociology, , E-mail: mazaki42@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (9290 Views)

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of the present article is to assess the reliability and validity of the Social Provision Scale (SPS). Method: This experiment is a survey study. The subjects consisted of 200 male and female students of Isfahan University who were selected using randomized cluster sampling and were then evaluated using Cutrona and Russell's social provision scale. Goldberg's Well-being Questionnaire was used to assess the validity of the study’s instrument. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, Pearson’s correlation coefficient, and univariate and multivariate analysis of variance. Results: Cronbach’s alpha for all subjects, males and females was 0.85, 0.87 and 0.82 respectively. Assessment of validity using factor analysis revealed that the six sub-scales of social support can be reduced to one factor, which could be refered to as social support. There was a significant relationship between social support and feeling of happiness (r=0.449) which indicates the validity of the instrument. Conclusion: The Social Provision Scale support instrument has a highly significant validity and reliability and is suitable to Iranian culture.

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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: General
Received: 2009/03/25

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