Volume 24, Issue 2 (Summer 2018)                   IJPCP 2018, 24(2): 202-215 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mahmood Aliloo M, Bakhshipour A, Matinpour B. The Role of Spontaneous Mind-Wandering and Dispositional Mindfulness in Predicting Obsession Symptoms in the College Students. IJPCP. 2018; 24 (2) :202-215
URL: http://ijpcp.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2752-en.html
1- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
2- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran , E-mail: matinbahman@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1762 Views)
Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate the role of spontaneous or deliberate mind-wandering and dispositional mindfulness in predicting the obsession symptoms in college students.
Methods In a descriptive, correlated and tentative research, 391 students of Tabriz University were chosen and included in the inquiry via the available sampling method. The data were gathered using the Maudsley Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory (MOCI), Mind Wandering Spontaneous (MW-S), Mind Wandering Deliberate (MW-D) self-report scales and Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ). Pearson correlation-coefficient method and multiple regression were used to analyze the data simultaneously.
Results Correlation results showed that the deliberate mind wandering (r=0.19, P=0.05) and spontaneous mind wandering (r=0.64, P=0.01) have positive and direct relationship with obsession symptoms, while the components of mindfulness, the components of observation (r=0.11, P=0.05 ،acting with awareness (r=-0.41, P=0.01), disrespect to inner experience(r=-0.50, P=0.01) and lack of reaction to inner experience(r=-0.61, P=0.01) have a negative and reverse relationship with obsession. The results from the concurrent regression analysis shows that from mind wandering components only spontaneous mind wandering variable (P<0.01, β=0.51)and from mindfulness components, only act with awareness, non-judgmental orientation to one’s present experience and non-reactive orientation to one’s present experience(β=-0.20, β=-0.22, β=-0.41)can predict obsession symptoms.
Conclusion The findings of this research emphasized the role of spontaneous mind wandering and components of acting with awareness, non-judgmental orientation to one’s present experience and non-reactive orientation to one’s present experience in predicting obsession symptoms in the college students. These findings will be beneficial in explaining obsession symptoms and their etiology in the college students.
Full-Text [PDF 2609 kb]   (754 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (668 Views)  
Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Psychiatry and Psychology
Received: 2017/09/4 | Accepted: 2018/03/13 | Published: 2018/07/24

1. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5®). Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Pub; 2013. [DOI:10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596] [DOI:10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596]
2. Nelson JD. Mental pollution and inflated responsibility in obsessive-compulsive disorder: The contribution of anxiety, disgust, and guilt (PhD dissertation). Bronx: Fordham University; 2005.
3. Verkuil B, Brosschot JF, Thayer JF. Capturing worry in daily life: Are trait questionnaires sufficient. Behaviour Research and Therapy. 2007; 45(8):1835-44. [DOI:10.1016/j.brat.2007.02.004] [PMID] [DOI:10.1016/j.brat.2007.02.004]
4. Christoff K, Gordon A, Smith R, Vancouver BC. The role of spontaneous thought in human cognition. In Vartanian O, Mandel DR, editors. Neuroscience of decision making. New York: Psychology Press; 2011.
5. Smallwood J, Schooler JW. The restless mind. Psychological Bulletin. 2002; 132(6):946. [DOI:10.1037/0033-2909.132.6.946] [PMID] [DOI:10.1037/0033-2909.132.6.946]
6. Schooler JW. Re-representing consciousness: Dissociations between experience and meta-consciousness. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. 2002; 6(8):339-44. [DOI:10.1016/S1364-6613(02)01949-6] [DOI:10.1016/S1364-6613(02)01949-6]
7. Seli P, Carriere JS, Smilek D. Not all mind wandering is created equal: Dissociating deliberate from spontaneous mind wandering. Psychological Research. 2015; 79(5):750-8. [DOI:10.1007/s00426-014-0617-x] [PMID] [DOI:10.1007/s00426-014-0617-x]
8. Seli P, Risko EF, Purdon C, Smilek D. Intrusive thoughts: Linking spontaneous mind wandering and OCD symptomatology. Psychological Research. 2017; 81(2):392-8. [DOI:10.1007/s00426-016-0756-3] [PMID] [DOI:10.1007/s00426-016-0756-3]
9. Carriere JS, Seli P, Smilek D. Wandering in both mind and body: Individual differences in mind wandering and inattention predict fidgeting. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology/Revue canadienne de psychologie expérimentale. 2013; 67(1):19. [DOI:10.1037/a0031438] [PMID] [DOI:10.1037/a0031438]
10. Kane MJ, Brown LH, McVay JC, Silvia PJ, Myin-Germeys I, Kwapil TR. For whom the mind wanders, and when: An experience-sampling study of working memory and executive control in daily life. Psychological Science. 2007; 18(7):614-21. [DOI:10.1111/j.1467-9280.2007.01948.x] [PMID] [DOI:10.1111/j.1467-9280.2007.01948.x]
11. Killingsworth MA, Gilbert DT. A Wandering mind is an unhappy mind. Science. 2010; 330(6006):932–932. [DOI:10.1126/science.1192439] [PMID] [DOI:10.1126/science.1192439]
12. Smith JM, Alloy LB. A roadmap to rumination: A review of the definition, assessment, and conceptualization of this multifaceted construct. Clinical Psychology Review. 2009; 29(2):116-28. [DOI:10.1016/j.cpr.2008.10.003] [PMID] [PMCID] [DOI:10.1016/j.cpr.2008.10.003]
13. Williams JMG. Mindfulness, depression and modes of mind. Cognitive Therapy and Research. 2008; 32(6):721. [DOI:10.1007/s10608-008-9204-z] [DOI:10.1007/s10608-008-9204-z]
14. Salkovskis PM. Cognitive-behavioural factors and the persistence of intrusive thoughts in obsessional problems. Behaviour Research and Therapy. 1989; 27(6):677-82. [DOI:10.1016/0005-7967(89)90152-6] [DOI:10.1016/0005-7967(89)90152-6]
15. Didonna F. Mindfulness and obsessive-compulsive disorder: Developing a way to trust and validate one's internal experience. Berlin: Clinical Handbook of Mindfulness: Springer; 2009.
16. Esfand Zad AH, Shams G, Meysami AP, Erfan A. [The role of mindfulness, emotion regulation, distress tolerance and interpersonal effectiveness in predicting obsessive-compulsive symptoms (Persian)]. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry & Clinical Psychology. 2017; 22(4):270-83. [DOI:10.18869/nirp.ijpcp.22.4.270]
17. Hasker SM. Evaluation of the mindfulness-acceptance-commitment (MAC) approach for enhancing athletic performance (PhD dissertation). Indiana, Pennsylvania: Indiana University of Pennsylvania; 2010.
18. Heydarinasab L. [An investigation of the validity and reliability of psychometric characteristics of five facet mindfulness questionnaire in Iranian non-clinical samples(Persian)]. International Journal of Behavioral Sciences. 2013; 7(3):229-37.
19. Rachman SJ, Hodgson RJ. Obsessions and compulsions. New Jersey: Prentice Hall; 1980.
20. Zahed A, Ghalilo K, Abolghasemi A, Narimani M. The relationship between emotion regulation strategies and interpersonal behavior among substance abusers. Research on Addiction. 2009; 3(11):99-114.
21. Kane MJ, McVay JC. What mind wandering reveals about executive-control abilities and failures. Current Directions in Psychological Science. 2012; 21(5):348-54. [DOI:10.1177/0963721412454875] [DOI:10.1177/0963721412454875]
22. Abramovitch A, Cooperman A. The cognitive neuropsychology of obsessive-compulsive disorder: A critical review. Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders. 2015; 5:24-36. [DOI:10.1016/j.jocrd.2015.01.002] [DOI:10.1016/j.jocrd.2015.01.002]
23. Seli P, Cheyne JA, Smilek D. Wandering minds and wavering rhythms: Linking mind wandering and behavioral variability. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. 2013; 39(1):1. [DOI:10.1037/a0030954] [DOI:10.1037/a0030954]
24. Koçak OM, Özpolat AY, Atbaşoğlu C, Çiçek M. Cognitive control of a simple mental image in patients with obsessive–compulsive disorder. Brain and Cognition. 2011; 76(3):390-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.bandc.2011.03.020] [PMID] [DOI:10.1016/j.bandc.2011.03.020]
25. Christoff K, Gordon AM, Smallwood J, Smith R, Schooler JW. Experience sampling during fMRI reveals default network and executive system contributions to mind wandering. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2009; 106(21):8719-24. [DOI:10.1073/pnas.0900234106] [PMID] [PMCID] [DOI:10.1073/pnas.0900234106]
26. Babapour Kaj, Poursharifi H, Hashemi T, Ahmadi E. The relationship of meta-cognition and mindfulness components with obsessive beliefs in students. Journal of School Psychology. 2013; 1(4);23-38.
27. Crowe K, McKay D. Mindfulness, obsessive–compulsive symptoms, and executive dysfunction. Cognitive Therapy and Research. 2016; 40(5):627-44. [DOI:10.1007/s10608-016-9777-x] [DOI:10.1007/s10608-016-9777-x]
28. Arefnia R, Bagheri M. [The Relationship between Mindfulness and Perfectionism with Obsessive Thoughts in Psychology Students of Islamic Azad University of Karaj (Persian)]. Paper presented at the National Conference on Psychology and Social Injury Management. 9 March 2016; Chabahar, Iran.
29. Babapoor J, Ahmadi E. [A comparison of emotion regulation strategies and mindfulness in students with and without obsessive believes (Persian)]. Modern Psychological Research. 2013; 7(28):30-47.
30. Cash M, Whittingham K. What facets of mindfulness contribute to psychological well-being and depressive, anxious, and stress-related symptomatology. Mindfulness. 2010; 1(3):177-82. [DOI:10.1007/s12671-010-0023-4] [DOI:10.1007/s12671-010-0023-4]
31. Moritz S, Wess N, Treszl A, Jelinek L. The attention training technique as an attempt to decrease intrusive thoughts in Obsessive–Compulsive Disorder (OCD): From cognitive theory to practice and back. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy. 2011; 41(3):135-43. [DOI:10.1007/s10879-010-9169-6] [DOI:10.1007/s10879-010-9169-6]
32. Emanuel AS. The role of mindfulness in affective forecasting (PhD dissertation). Ohio: Kent State University; 2009.
33. Kabat Zinn J. Mindfulness based interventions in context: Past, present, and future. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice. 2003; 10(2):144-56. [DOI:10.1093/clipsy.bpg016] [DOI:10.1093/clipsy.bpg016]
34. Baer RA. Mindfulness training as a clinical intervention: A conceptual and empirical review. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice. 2003; 10(2):125-43. [DOI:10.1093/clipsy.bpg015] [DOI:10.1093/clipsy.bpg015]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2019 All Rights Reserved | Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb