Volume 12, Number 4 (2-2007)                   IJPCP 2007, 12(4): 380-389 | Back to browse issues page


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Mousavi Nasab M H, Taghavi M R. Optimism-Pessimism and Coping Strategies: Prediction of Psychological Adjustment in Adolescents. IJPCP. 2007; 12 (4) :380-389
URL: http://ijpcp.iums.ac.ir/article-1-127-en.html

, E-mail: smhmn1979@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (11764 Views)
 

Abstract

Objectives: Optimism plays a major role in coping with stressful life events. The purpose of the present study is to examine the influence of optimism on coping strategies and psychological adjustment in adole-scents.

Method: In a correlational and causal-comparative study, 208 females and 147 males volunteers to university entrance examination through a random cluster sampling were selected. Four questionnaires of Life Orientation Test - Revised (LOT-R), Ways of Coping Questionnaire (WOCQ), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) were then administered to the subjects.

Results: Optimists benefited greater problem-focused coping strategies compared to the pessimists. In addition, they had better general health (p<0.001) and life satisfaction (p<0.001). Regression analysis indicated that optimism-pessimism accounted for a significant amount of the variance (p<0.05) in coping strategies and psychological adjustment.

Conclusion: These findings confirm the role of optimism in employing better psychological adjustment.

 

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Type of Study: Original Research |
Received: 2007/05/21

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