Volume 26, Issue 4 (Winter 2021)                   IJPCP 2021, 26(4): 534-539 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ahmed M Z, Ahmed O, Jobe M C. 4D Motives of Anshun Bus Crash. IJPCP 2021; 26 (4) :534-539
URL: http://ijpcp.iums.ac.ir/article-1-3322-en.html
1- College of Psychology, Northwest Normal University, Gansu, China. , ahmedzahirdu@gmail.com
2- Department of Psychology, University of Chittagong, Chattogram, Bangladesh.
3- Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, The George Washington University, Washington D.C., United States of America.
Keywords: Motives, Anshun, Bus Crash
Full-Text [PDF 1099 kb]   (807 Downloads)     |   Abstract (HTML)  (1715 Views)
Full-Text:   (571 Views)
crashed into the Hongshan reservoir leaving 21 dead and 15 injured [1]. The sudden acceleration towards the lake was a deliberate crime where driver Zhang Mogang was solely responsible [2]. The police investigation ascertained major 4D motives—Divorce, Dissatisfaction of life, Demolition of the house, and Drinking—of Zhang for committing a notorious crime [3]. 
Following his divorce, the 52-year-old rented a state-owned house, which was included in a renovation program. The program: “Regulations on Expropriation and Compensation of Houses on State-owned Land,” outlined in 2016, compensated Zhang 72,542.94 Chinese Yuan for displacement in June; though, Zhang denied receiving it. On July 7, 2020, 8:30 in the morning, he discovered his house was to be demolished; he had nowhere else to live. The divorce, demolition, and impending homelessness brought extreme dissatisfaction for Zhang. Before the rampage, Zhang bought alcohol, consuming it at work. These antecedents’ culmination ensued tragedy.
Pseudocommando & Homicide-Suicide Theory 
The rampage can be classified as pseudocommando and homicide-suicide, Zhang intended to kill indiscriminately during the daytime, publicly with no escape plan. A pseudocommando usually plans for a while and executes the operation driven by strong resentment feelings [4]. Despite the crash’s impulsive nature, prior to that, per the police, it was evident Zhang had a dissatisfied life—potentially indicative of adjuvant planning. Moreover, this incident coincides with consortial-possessive and adversarial homicide-suicide patterns [5]. The intolerable powerlessness feelings, a fragile ego, and a destructive personality leads to one’s annihilation of themselves and others—like what occurred with Zhang [6]. 
Psycho-Social Theory 
The perpetrator of self-generated rampage has predisposed commonalities, like, low social capital, a dissatisfied family life, and an impaired psyche, leading them to becoming an avenger with a pariah self-image [7]. The sudden environmental loss triggered Zhang’s violence and readied him into pursuing a slaughterous act. Here, suicide was not an underlying motivation since he only wanted to keep the situation’s scar everlasting. 
Drinking to Homicide-Suicide 
Alcohol abuse is strongly connected with impaired cognition and judgment which can lead to extreme homicide-suicide cases [8]. Drinking may be a significant catalyst for Zhang’s devastation. Alcohol’s intoxication, dependence, and biochemical effects often lead to destruction [9]. 
Currently, no specific policies stop these incidents from repeating. Though, there are commonalities in their basic causes and execution patterns that can be utilized in future prevention. Community education may be a step in stopping these incidents before they claim more lives. 

Ethical Considerations
Compliance with ethical guidelines

All ethical principles were considered in this article.

This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

Authors contributions
Conceptualization, Methodology: Zahir Ahmed; Writing – Original Draft: Zahir Ahmed and Oli Ahmed; Writing – review & editing: Mary C. Jobe.

Conflicts of interest
The authors declared no conflict of interest.

  1. May T. driver purposely drove bus into china reservoir, killing 21, police say. The New York Times [Internet]. 2020 [Updated 2020 Julay 22]. Available from: https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/13/world/asia/china-bus-crash-revenge.html
  2. Westcott B. A bus driver in China deliberately crashed and killed 21 people after his house was demolished [Internet]. 2020 [Updated 2020 Julay 22]. Available from: https://edition.cnn.com/2020/07/14/asia/china-bus-driver-home-demolition-intl-hnk-scli/index.html
  3. Anshun reported the investigation about bus fell into the lake: The driver deliberately revenge society [Internet]. 2020 [Updated 2020 Jul 22]. Available from: https://wap.peopleapp.com/article/5714832/5637298
  4. Dietz PE. Mass, serial and sensational homicides. Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine. 1986; 62(5):477-91. [PMCID]-[PMID]
  5. Marzuk PM. The epidemiology of murder-suicide. JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association. 1992; 267(23):3179-83. [DOI:10.1001/jama.1992.03480230071031] [PMID]
  6. Knoll JL. The “pseudocommando” mass murderer: Part I, the psychology of revenge and obliteration. Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law Online. 2010; 38(1):87-94. https://psycnet.apa.org/record/2010-07385-013
  7. VanGeem SG. [Status and Slaughter: the Psyco-social Factors that Influence Public Mass Murder [Internet]. 2009 [Updated 2020 Junuary 22]. Available from: https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1461&context=etd
  8. Eliason S. Murder-suicide: A review of the recent literature. Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law. 2009; 37(3):371-6. http://www.criminiseriali.it/murdersuicide2.pdf
  9. Pompili M, Serafini G, Innamorati M, Dominici G, Ferracuti S, Kotzalidis GD, et al. Suicidal Behavior and Alcohol Abuse. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2010; 7(4):1392-431. [DOI:10.3390/ijerph7041392] [PMID] [PMCID]
Type of Study: Letter to the editor | Subject: Psychiatry and Psychology
Received: 2020/09/2 | Accepted: 2020/09/29 | Published: 2021/01/1

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2023 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb