Volume 26, Issue 3 (Autumn- Special Issue on COVID-19 2020)                   IJPCP 2020, 26(3): 332-347 | Back to browse issues page


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Fathi A, Sadeghi S, Maleki Rad A A, Sharifi Rahnmo S, Rostami H, Abdolmohammadi K. The Role of Cyberspace Use on Lifestyle Promoting Health and Coronary Anxiety in Young Peopl. IJPCP 2020; 26 (3) :332-347
URL: http://ijpcp.iums.ac.ir/article-1-3223-en.html
1- NAJA Research Institute of Law Enforcement Sciences and Social Studies, Tehran, Iran. , a.fathi64@gmail.com
2- Department of Psychology, Institute of Charkh Niloofari, Tabriz, Iran.
3- Department of Biology, Faculty of Scince, Payam-e-Nour University, Tehran, Iran.
4- Department of Educational Sciences, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Bu Ali Sina University, Hamadan, Iran.
5- NAJA Research Institute of Law Enforcement Sciences and Social Studies, Tehran, Iran.
6- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Payam-e-Nour University, Tehran, Iran.
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1. Introduction
ew communication technologies that have enabled the simultaneous and unlimited communication of individuals, regardless of spatial and temporal affiliation, have created a new world called the virtual world [2]. Today, the world is faced with a fundamental problem in which the virtual world can play a very influential role, which is a new viral disease called Coronavirus (Covid-19). Anxiety may cause people may be fed false information and fail to distinguish right and wrong news [6]. It appears because of cyberspace and its effects on people’s lives since anxious life events are associated with this behavior pattern. Worried people have options to use the internet and social networks to manage mood, emotional, and social conditions [13]. Studies show a significant relationship between virtual social networks and anxiety [14, 15]. Therefore, uncontrolled use of cyberspace puts a person at risk of harmful physical, social, and mental health effects [4]. The results showed that one of the side effects of cyberspace’s continuous use is internet addiction, which has increased aggression and anxiety [171819]. Accidental stress and anxiety can weaken the immune system and make them vulnerable to diseases [6]. The cause of many health problems; is the lifestyle and type of health behaviors of people [28], and performing health-promoting actions is one of the best ways people can maintain and control their health [29]. Studies show that the relationship between health-promoting lifestyle behaviors and high-risk Internet use is significant and inverse [16]. Therefore, considering the role of virtual social networks is creating a different lifestyle among individuals and the degree of coronary anxiety in the current acute condition, the present study seeks to answer this question. What is the role of using virtual social networks in the lifestyle that promotes young people’s health and anxiety?
2. Method
The research method is descriptive correlational. The community included all undergraduate students of Tabriz Azad University, of which 327 people participated in the study through an online call, and the researcher-made questionnaires were designed to measure the use of cyberspace, Alipour et al.’s Corona Anxiety Questionnaire (2020). And the lifestyle promoters of Walker et al. (1987) responded. Data were analyzed by SPSS V. 16 software using Multivariable Analyze of Variance and Post Hoc test.
3. Result
The results show that 22 (7.2%) half to 1 hour, 42 (13.7%) 1-2 hours, 51 (16.6%) 2-3 hours, 50 (16.3%) 3-4 hours and 142(46.3%) of people use cyberspace for more than 4 hours. Wilkes Lambda statistic with (P<0.01; F=24.04) [24] shows that the hypothesis of similarity of population averages can be based on dependent variables for the study groups regarding the amount of space use.
The results of Table 1 show that the subscales of spiritual growth (P=0.001), responsibility (P=0.016), interpersonal relationships (P=0.033), exercise (P=0.009), and the total score of health-promoting lifestyle (P=0.001) in the groups related to the amount of cyberspace use is significant. 



The LSD post hoc test results show that in the subscales of spiritual growth, responsibility, exercise, and the total score of the health-promoting lifestyle group with more than 4 hours of use, lower scores than the groups of users of the half to 1 hour, 1-2 hours and Gained 2-3 hours and 3-4 hours; In the scale of the interpersonal relationship, the resistance groups scored half to 1hour and more than 4hours lower scores than the other groups, indicating that the use of cyberspace has affected people’s lifestyles.
Wilkes lambda statistic with (P<0.05), (F8=2.73) shows that the hypothesis of similarity of population averages can be based on dependent variables for groups. The study rejected cyberspace; however, to understand which variables are different, the Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) is used.
Table 2 shows that the subscale of psychological symptoms (P=0.001) and the total score of coronary anxiety (P=0.001) are significant in the groups related to cyberspace use. 



The LSD post hoc test results show that in the psychological scale of coronary anxiety, groups with 3-4 hours of service and more than 4 hours in the score of coronary anxiety symptoms scored higher than the groups with less than 3 hours of use. In the total score of coronary anxiety, groups of the half to 1hour and more than 4hours scored higher than the other groups. As a result, two modes of underuse and overuse of cyberspace have raised coronary anxiety scores.
4. Discussion and Conclusion
According to the results, it can be concluded that: excessive use of social media negatively affects people’s lifestyles, and too little help in these critical situations increases the anxiety associated with coronary heart disease. The less accurate information about this new disease and the less aware a person is of their immunization methods in preventing the disease; the more intense the experience will be in the face of the higher the use of cyberspace. It can surround a person with a lot of misinformation. Still, the results show that cyberspace between 1and 4hours a day can help understand the reality of the disease and thus control the level of anxiety.
Wilkes lambda statistic with (P<0.01, F=24.04) [24]shows that the hypothesis of similarity of population averages could be based on dependent variables for the study groups regarding the amount of used space. 
The results of Table 1 show that the subscales of spiritual growth (P=0.001), responsibility (P=0.016), interpersonal relationships (P=0.033), exercise (P=0.009), and the total score of health-promoting lifestyle (P=0.001) in the groups related to the amount of cyberspace use is significant. The LSD post hoc test results show that in the subscales of spiritual growth, responsibility, exercise and also the total score of the health-promoting lifestyle group with more than 4 hours of use, lower scores than the groups of users of the half to 1 hour, 1-2 hours and Gained 2-3 hours and 3-4 hours; In the scale of the interpersonal relationship, the resistance groups scored half to 1hour and more than 4hours lower scores than the other groups, indicating that the use of cyberspace has affected people’s lifestyles.
Wilkes lambda statistic with (P<0.05), (F8=2.73) shows that the hypothesis of similarity of population averages can be based on dependent variables for groups. Although the study rejected cyberspace to understand which variables are different, the results of the analysis of variance analysis are used.
The results of Table 2 show that the subscale of psychological symptoms (P=0.001) and the total score of coronary anxiety (P=0.001) are significant in the groups related to the use of cyberspace. The LSD post hoc test results show that in the psychological scale of coronary anxiety, groups with 3-4 hours of service and more than 4 hours in the score of coronary anxiety symptoms scored higher than the groups with less than 3 hours of use. In the total score of coronary anxiety, groups of the half to 1hour and more than 4hours scored higher than the other groups. As a result, two modes of underuse and overuse of cyberspace have raised coronary anxiety scores.
Ethical Considerations
Compliance with ethical guidelines

All ethical principles are considered in this article. Also this  study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the university of Tabriz (Code: IR.TABRIZU.REC.1399.018) 
Funding
This research did not receive any grant from funagencies in the public, commercial, or non-profit sector
Authors' contributions
All authors equally contributed to preparing this article.
Conflicts of interest
The authors declared no conflict of interest.


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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Psychiatry and Psychology
Received: 2020/05/5 | Accepted: 2020/10/27 | Published: 2020/11/30

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