Volume 14, Issue 2 (8-2008)                   IJPCP 2008, 14(2): 184-192 | Back to browse issues page

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Hosseinchari M, Kiani R. Relationship between Some Demographic Variables and Perceived Self-efficacy in Social Interactions with Peers among Junior High School Students . IJPCP. 2008; 14 (2) :184-192
URL: http://ijpcp.iums.ac.ir/article-1-470-en.html
1- , E-mail: hchari@shirazu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (8129 Views)


Objectives: The aim of the present research was studying the relationship between "parent’s education, father's job and the number of siblings" and the perceived self-efficacy in social interactions with peers in junior high school students. The relation between academic achievement and social self-efficacy was also studied.

Method: In a descriptive cross-sectional study 398 junior high school students (204 girls and 194 boys) who were selected using random cluster sampling completed the Scale for Perceived Self-efficacy in Social Interactions with Peers. Data were analyzed using t statistical test, one way analysis of variance, and Pearson correlation coefficient.

Results: Findings revealed that the psychometric properties of the mentioned scale are appropriate for use in Iranian population. Also, this study did not show a significant relationship between perceived self-efficacy in the interaction with peers and academic achievement. Girls were not significantly different from boys with regard to self-efficacy. Father’s job had a significant relationship with perceived self-efficacy in social interaction with peers (p<0.01). Parent’s education did not have a significant relationship with self-efficacy. There was a significant relationship between the number of siblings and self-efficacy (p<0.05).

Conclusion: Father’s job and the number of siblings have a direct relationship with perceived self-efficacy in social interaction with peers but academic achievements, parent’s education, and sex are not related to perceived self-efficacy in social interaction with peers.


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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Psychiatry and Psychology
Received: 2008/08/30

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