Volume 22, Issue 3 (Fall 2016)                   IJPCP 2016, 22(3): 230-239 | Back to browse issues page


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Ashouri A, Mohammadzadeh A, Najafi M, Zeraatkar L. Relationship Between Personality Traits and Religious/Spiritual Well-Being With Schizotypal Traits. IJPCP. 2016; 22 (3) :230-239
URL: http://ijpcp.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2636-en.html
1- PhD of Psychology, Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, School of Behavioral Sciences and Mental Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- PhD of Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology & Educational Sciences, Payam-e Noor University, Tehran, Iran. , a_mohammadzadeh@pnu.ac.ir
3- PhD of Psychology, Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology & Educational Sciences, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran.
4- MA Student, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology & Educational Sciences, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran.
Abstract:   (3831 Views)

Objectives The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between personality traits and religious/spiritual well-being and schizotypal personality traits.  
Methods The study was a descriptive-correlation.A total of 351 university students in Semnan (208 females and 143 males) were selected through multi-stage random cluster sampling. The participants responded to the questionnaires on Multidimensional Inventory for Religious-Spiritual Well-Being, Big Five Inventory and Schizotypal Trait Questionnair. Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation and stepwise regression analysis.  
Results The results showed that schizotypal personality traits are negatively correlated with extraversion (r=0.22, P<0.001), agreeableness(r=0.23, P<0.001), conscientiousness(r=0.21, P<0.001), hope immanent (r=0.20, P<0.001), and hope transcendent(r=0.24, P<0.001). The schizotypal traits were also found to be positively correlated with neuroticism(r=0.49, P<0.001) and openness(r=0.19, P<0.001). The results of multivariate regression analysis indicated that neuroticism, openness, hope transcendent and agreeableness can predict 28% of the variance of schizotypal personality traits. 
Conclusion Religious/spiritual well-being and personality traits are important predictors of mental health. It was found that neuroticism has the highest predictive power for schizotypal personality traits.

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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Psychiatry and Psychology
Received: 2015/08/12 | Accepted: 2016/07/3 | Published: 2017/10/1

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