دوره 23، شماره 4 - ( زمستان 1396 )                   جلد 23 شماره 4 صفحات 408-423 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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Ranjbari T, Karimi J, Mohammadi A, Norouzi M R. An Evaluation of the Contributions of the Triple Vulnerability Model to the Prediction of Emotional Disorders. IJPCP. 2018; 23 (4) :408-423
URL: http://ijpcp.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2577-fa.html
رنجبری توحید، کریمی جواد، محمدی ابوالفضل، نوروزی محمدرضا. ارزیابی مدل آسیب پذیری سه گانه در پیش بینی اختلالات هیجانی. مجله روانپزشكي و روانشناسي باليني ايران. 1396; 23 (4) :408-423

URL: http://ijpcp.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2577-fa.html


1- دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران
2- دکترای مشاوره خانواده، استادیار گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه ملایر، ملایر، ایران ، E-mail: dr.karimi10@yahoo.com
3- دکترای روانشناسی بالینی، استادیار گروه روانپزشکی، بیمارستان روزبه، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی و خدمات بهداشتی درمانی تهران، تهران، ایران
4- دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران
چکیده:   (1004 مشاهده)
اهداف مدل آسیبپذیری سهگانه در اختلالات هیجانی شامل سه نوع آسیبپذیری است: زیستی فراگیر، روانشناختی فراگیر و روانشناختی اختصاصی هر اختلال. با توجه به این که اغلب مطالعات پیشین به بررسی تنها یک مؤلفه از ابعاد مدل آسیبپذیری سهگانه پرداختهاند، این پژوهش با هدف مقایسه جامع تمام مؤلفههای مدل آسیبپذیری سهگانه در بیماران مبتلا به اختلالات هیجانی و افراد بهنجار انجام شد.
مواد و روشها در طرح پژوهشی علّیمقایسهای از اسفند 1393 تا خرداد 94، 20 بیمار با اختلال اضطراب فراگیر، 20 بیمار با اختلال وسواسیجبری، 20 بیمار با اختلال افسردگی اساسی با 20 نفر از افراد بهنجار (گروه کنترل) مقایسه شدند. افراد بیمار و بهنجار از طریق نمونهگیری در دسترس از بین افراد مراجعهکننده به کلینیکهای رواندرمانی خصوصی شهر ارومیه و افراد بهنجار ارومیه به ترتیب انتخاب شدند.گروه بیماران و بهنجار در برخی از متغیرهای جمعیتشناختی با یکدیگر همتا شدند. تعیین تفاوت بین گروه بیماران و گروه کنترل، از طریق روش تحلیل واریانس چندمتغیری (مانوا) با بهرهگیری از نسخه 21 نرمافزار SPSS صورت گرفت.
یافتهها بیماران مبتلا به اضطراب فراگیر، وسواسی جبری و افسردگی اساسی در مقایسه با افراد گروه کنترل، آسیبپذیری زیستی فراگیر و آسیبپذیری روانشناختی فراگیر بیشتری داشتند و این تفاوت معنادار (001/0(P= بود. در آسیبپذیری روانشناختی اختصاصی هر اختلال نیز گروههای بیمار با افراد گروه کنترل تفاوت معنادار (001/0(P= داشتند: بیماران اضطراب منتشر در مقایسه با گروه کنترل، تحملنکردن بلاتکلیفی بیشتر، بیماران وسواسی جبری آمیختگی فکر وعمل بیشتر و بیماران مبتلا به افسردگی نگرشهای ناکارآمد بیشتری داشتند.
نتیجهگیری با توجه به تفاوت معنادار بیماران مبتلا به اختلالات هیجانی با افراد بهنجار در ابعاد مدل آسیبپذیری سهگانه، این مدل را میتوان معیار سبب شناختی و تشخیصی جامع و مناسبی در این بیماران دانست.
 
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نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي اصيل | موضوع مقاله: عمومى
دریافت: ۱۳۹۵/۶/۳۱ | پذیرش: ۱۳۹۶/۲/۴ | انتشار: ۱۳۹۶/۱۰/۱۱

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