Volume 23, Issue 2 (Summer 2017)                   IJPCP 2017, 23(2): 232-243 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Soleimani sefat E, Sa’adati H, Azimian S, Amani S, Saleh manijeh H, Leshni L. Psychometric Properties of Persian Version of Young-Rygh Avoidance Inventory. IJPCP. 2017; 23 (2) :232-243
URL: http://ijpcp.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2516-en.html
1- Department of Counseling, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences
2- Department of Counseling, Student Research Committee, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences , E-mail: hemnsaadati@gmail.com
3- Department of Preschool, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences
Abstract:   (3072 Views)
Objectives Avoidance is a maladaptive schema that leads to maladaptive coping responses, followed by psychological problems. In this regard, we need a tool that is able to measure Avoidance schema. Also, there is no Persian version for measuring avoidance schema, so we need a tool that be able to measure Young-Rygh Avoidance schema in Iran. Thus, the aim of the present research is to assess the validity, reliability and factor analysis of the Persian version of Avoidance Inventory.
Methods The sample included 382 students of the University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences University who were selected using convenience sampling method. To assess the convergent-divergent validity, the Avoidance Questionnaire, Acceptance and Action Questionnaire (AAQ-II), Beck Depression Inventory-Second Edition, Beck Anxiety Questionnaire, and the Young overcompensation inventory.
Results Factor analysis extracted eight factors that explained 54.92 percent of total variance. Internal consistency using Cronbach’s alpha is acceptable (0.69-0.83), and time reliability is appropriate (0.72-0.92). Relationship of Avoidance Inventory with anxiety inventory (0.29), depression inventory (-0.21), excessive compensation (0.43) and acceptance and action scale (0.30) shows the convergent-divergent validity.
Conclusion The Persian version of Avoidance Inventory is a reliable and valid tool.
Full-Text [PDF 2477 kb]   (1677 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (989 Views)  
Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Psychiatry and Psychology
Received: 2016/06/17 | Accepted: 2016/11/26 | Published: 2017/07/1

1. Kahl KG, Winter L, Schweiger U. The third wave of cognitive behavioural therapies. Current Opinion in Psychiatry. 2012; 25(6):522–8. doi: 10.1097/yco.0b013e328358e531 [DOI:10.1097/YCO.0b013e328358e531]
2. Fusco GM, Freeman A. Borderline personality disorder: A patient's guide to taking control. New York: WW Norton & Company; 2004.
3. Young JE, Klosko JS, Weishaar ME. Schema therapy: A practitioner's guide. New York: Guilford Press; 2003.
4. Sempértegui GA, Karreman A, Arntz A, Bekker MHJ. Schema therapy for borderline personality disorder: A comprehensive review of its empirical foundations, effectiveness and implementation possibilities. Clinical Psychology Review. 2013; 33(3):426–47. doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2012.11.006 [DOI:10.1016/j.cpr.2012.11.006]
5. De Andrés RD, Aillon N, Bardiot M-C, Bourgeois P, Mertel S, Nerfin F, et al. Impact of the life goals group therapy program for bipolar patients: An open study. Journal of Affective Disorders. 2006; 93(1-3):253–7. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2006.03.014 [DOI:10.1016/j.jad.2006.03.014]
6. Haghighat Manesh E, Baf AM, Reza H, Ghanbari Hashem Abadi BA, Mahram B. [Early maladaptive schemas and schema domains in rapists (Persian)]. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology. 2010; 16(2):145-53.
7. Moosaviassl SA, Moosavi Sadat Z. [The effectiveness of schema therapy in reduction of early maladaptive schemas on PTSD veterans men (Persian)]. Armaghane Danesh. 2014; 19(1):89-99.
8. Ottenbreit ND, Dobson KS. Avoidance and depression: The construction of the cognitive–behavioral avoidance scale. Behaviour Research and Therapy. 2004; 42(3):293–313. doi: 10.1016/s0005-7967(03)00140-2 [DOI:10.1016/S0005-7967(03)00140-2]
9. Lawson R, Waller G, Lockwood R. Cognitive content and process in eating-disordered patients with obsessive–compulsive features. Eating Behaviors. 2007; 8(3):305–10. doi: 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2006.11.006 [DOI:10.1016/j.eatbeh.2006.11.006]
10. Kashdan TB, Barrios V, Forsyth JP, Steger MF. Experiential avoidance as a generalized psychological vulnerability: Comparisons with coping and emotion regulation strategies. Behaviour Research and Therapy. 2006; 44(9):1301–20. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2005.10.003 [DOI:10.1016/j.brat.2005.10.003]
11. Lavy EH, van den Hout MA. Cognitive avoidance and attentional bias: Causal relationships. Cognitive Therapy and Research. 1994; 18(2):179–91. doi: 10.1007/bf02357223 [DOI:10.1007/BF02357223]
12. Feldner M., Zvolensky M., Eifert G., Spira A. Emotional avoidance: An experimental test of individual differences and response suppression using biological challenge. Behaviour Research and Therapy. 2003; 41(4):403–11. doi: 10.1016/s0005-7967(02)00020-7 [DOI:10.1016/S0005-7967(02)00020-7]
13. Kämpfe CK, Gloster AT, Wittchen HU, Helbig-Lang S, Lang T, Gerlach AL, et al. Experiential avoidance and anxiety sensitivity in patients with panic disorder and agoraphobia: Do both constructs measure the same. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology. 2012; 12(1):5.
14. Lee JK, Orsillo SM, Roemer L, Allen LB. Distress and avoidance in generalized anxiety disorder: Exploring the relationships with intolerance of uncertainty and worry. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy. 2009; 39(2):126–36. doi: 10.1080/16506070902966918 [DOI:10.1080/16506070902966918]
15. Orsillo SM. Acceptance and commitment therapy in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder. Behavior Modification. 2005; 29(1):95–129. doi: 10.1177/0145445504270876 [DOI:10.1177/0145445504270876]
16. Begotka AM, Woods DW, Wetterneck CT. The relationship between experiential avoidance and the severity of trichotillomania in a nonreferred sample. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry. 2004; 35(1):17–24. doi: 10.1016/j.jbtep.2004.02.001 [DOI:10.1016/j.jbtep.2004.02.001]
17. Young JE. Cognitive therapy for personality disorders: A schema-focused approach. Fruitville, Florida: Professional Resource Press; 1994.
18. Luck A, Waller G, Meyer C, Ussher M, Lacey H. The role of schema processes in the eating disorders. Cognitive Therapy and Research. 2005; 29(6):717–32. doi: 10.1007/s10608-005-9635-8 [DOI:10.1007/s10608-005-9635-8]
19. Spranger SC, Waller G, Bryant-Waugh R. Schema avoidance in bulimic and non-eating-disordered women. International Journal of Eating Disorders. 2001; 29(3):302–6. doi: 10.1002/eat.1022 [DOI:10.1002/eat.1022]
20. Sheffield A, Waller G, Emanuelli F, Murray J, Meyer C. Do schema processes mediate links between parenting and eating pathology. European Eating Disorders Review. 2009; 17(4):290–300. doi: 10.1002/erv.922 [DOI:10.1002/erv.922]
21. Mairet K, Boag S, Warburton W. How important is temperament? The relationship between coping styles, early maladaptive schemas and social anxiety. International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy. 2014; 14(2):171-90.
22. Zargar M, Kakavand AR, Jalali MR, Salavati M. [Comparison of maladaptive early schemas and avoidance behaviors in opioid dependent men and non-dependent men (Persian)]. Journal of Applied Psychology. 2011; 5(1):69-84.
23. Stefan-Dabson K, Mohammadkhani P, Massah-Choulabi O. [Psychometrics characteristic of Beck Depression Inventory-II in patients with magor depressive disorder (Persian)]. Journal of Rehabilitation. 2007; 8:82-0.
24. Kaviani H, Mousavi AS. [Psychometric properties of the Persian version of Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) (Persian)]. Tehran University Medical Journal. 2008; 66(2):136-40.
25. Abasi E, Fti L, Molodi R, Zarabi H. [Psychometric properties of Persian version of acceptance and action questionnaire-II (Persian)]. Journal of Psychological Models and Methods. 2013; 3(10):65-80.
26. Bayrami M, Bakhshipor A, Esmaeili A. The relationship between coping styles and early maladaptive schemas in disconnection-rejection and over vigilance-inhibition in young's schema model. Journal of Life Science and Biomedicine. 2012; 2(4):178-81.
27. Noorbala F, Bahram Ehsan H, Alipour A. [Predictive effects of avoidance and overcompensation coping styles on general health (Persian)]. Health Psychology. 2016; 5(17):51-63.
28. Divandari H, Ahi Gh, Akbari H, Mahdian H. [The young Schema Questionnaire – Short Form (SQ-SF): Investigation psychometric properties and factor structure between students In Islamic Azad University, Kashmar Branch (Persian)]. Pazhouhesh-Nameye Tarbiati. 2009; 5(20):103-133.
29. Fata L, Birashk B, Atefvahid MK, Dabson KS. Meaning assignment structures/schema, emotional states and cognitive processing of emotional information: comparing two conceptual frameworks. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology. 2005; 11(3):312-26.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2019 All Rights Reserved | Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb