Volume 23, Issue 2 (Summer 2017)                   IJPCP 2017, 23(2): 164-177 | Back to browse issues page


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1- , Alborz Branch, Academic Center for Education, Culture and Research
2- Alborz Branch, Academic Center for Education, Culture and Research, Alborz Branch
3- Research Group of Cognitive Sciences, Alborz Branch, Karaj, Academic Center for Education, Culture and Research, , E-mail: noferest88@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1999 Views)
Objectives The purpose of this study was to compare the metacognitive factors between individuals with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), dysthymic disorder (Dys), and non-clinical disorders (Normals).
Methods Metacognitive Questionnaire - short form (MCQ-30), Thought Control Questionnaire (TCQ), and Anxious Thought Inventory (ATI) were administered to a sample of 120 individuals (OCD-30; GAD-30; Dys-30 and Normals-30).
Results Results of MANOVA and post-hoc comparison revealed significant differences in metacognitive factors between all groups except attention distraction and cognitive confidence. Post-hoc comparisons also showed that OCD patients have significantly higher scores in punishment and reappraisal subscales than GAD and non-clinical groups. Likewise, GAD patients have significantly higher scores in social and health worry than OCD patients and in positive and negative beliefs about worry and need to control subscales than OCD and non-clinical groups. Also Dys group had significantly higher scores in health and social worry than others. In general, nonclinical sample had lower scores in all metacognitive questionnaires, RSQ, and neuroticism.
Conclusion Metacognitive beliefs and strategies could differentiate between diagnostic groups. Also findings support the Self regulatory executive function model of Wells.
 
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: General
Received: 2015/09/27 | Accepted: 2017/01/4 | Published: 2017/07/1

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