Volume 20, Issue 4 (Winter 2015)                   IJPCP 2015, 20(4): 339-348 | Back to browse issues page

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Khanipour H, Hakim-Shooshtari M, Borjali A, Golzari M, Falsafinejad M. Relationship between Impulse Control Difficulties and Non-Suicidal Self-Injury in Adolescents with Childhood Maltreatment History: Mediating Role of Self-Inadequacy . IJPCP. 2015; 20 (4) :339-348
URL: http://ijpcp.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2305-en.html
1- Allame- Tabatabaee university, Tehran, Iran, IR. Fax: +9821-22180045 , E-mail: khanipur.hamid@gmail.com
2- Mental Health Research Center, Tehran Institute of Psychiatry- School of Behavioral Sciences and Mental Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- Allame- Tabatabaee university, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (4054 Views)
  Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between impulse control difficulties and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) with mediating role of self-inadequacy in adolescents with childhood maltreatment history. Method: In a correlation design, 169 adolescents with childhood maltreatment history were selected using cluster sampling. Participants were asked to complete Non-suicidal self- Injury checklist, Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS), and Self-Criticism/Self-Reassurance Scale (FSCSR). Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation, multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA), multivariate regression and mediation analysis. Results: The history of NSSI was present in 49% of participants, while the history of NSSI in girls was higher than boys. There was a significant relationship between overall score of emotion regulation difficulties and self-criticism with frequency of NSSI. Mediation analysis showed that self-inadequacy has a mediating role in relationship between impulse control difficulties and NSSI. Conclusion: It seems impulse control difficulties as an emotional vulnerability factor and self-inadequacy as a mediating mechanism are predictors of NSSI. These findings support emotion regulation model and developmental pathology of NSSI. The adolescents following self-injury suffer from stable inner impulse control disorder, although their reasons for self-injury are not because of repulsion, self-disgust and masochism  
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: General
Received: 2015/06/24 | Accepted: 2015/06/24 | Published: 2015/06/24

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