Volume 20, Issue 2 (Summer 2014)                   IJPCP 2014, 20(2): 121-133 | Back to browse issues page

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Alavi K, Jalali Nodushan A H, Eftekhar M. Masculine and Feminine Gender Roles in Healthy Iranian PopulationAccording to Two Different Constructs:Bem Sex Role Inventory vs. GM and GF Scales of MMPI-2 . IJPCP. 2014; 20 (2) :121-133
URL: http://ijpcp.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2189-en.html
1- Mental Health Research Center, Tehran Institute of Psychiatry- School of Behavioral Sciences and Mental Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences
2- Mental Health Research Center, Tehran Institute of Psychiatry- School of Behavioral Sciences and Mental Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences , E-mail: mehrdad.eftekhar@gmail.com
Abstract:   (4749 Views)
Objectives: The aim of the current study was to assess masculine and feminine gender roles in a group of healthy Iranian males and females, using two different instruments and to compare these findings. Method: Eighty-one male and 89 female healthy individuals participated in this cross-sectional study. Gender roles were assessed using gender-masculine (GM) and gender-feminine (GF) scales derived from MMPI-2 and the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI). Sex-typing was performed using median split-half method. Results: Based on the normative data of Iranian population for GM-GF scales, 48.1% of normal males and 37.1% of normal females were undifferentiated on sex-typing and none of them was considered as androgynous. However, BSRI showed that the frequency of androgyny was 6.2% in male and 10.1% in female samples and the frequency of undifferentiated individuals was 39.5% in males and 36.0% in females. Pearson’s correlation coefficient was 0.530 between GM scale of MMPI-2 and masculinity traits in the BSRI and 0.528 between GF scale of MMPI-2 and femininity traits in the BSRI (for both: p<0.001). Conclusion: These two instruments showed moderate correlations. However, it seems that these two instruments measure different attributes of gender roles, though they have considerable overlap.
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: General
Received: 2014/10/29 | Accepted: 2014/10/29 | Published: 2014/10/29

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