Volume 12, Issue 2 (8-2006)                   IJPCP 2006, 12(2): 109-116 | Back to browse issues page

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Bastani F, Haidarnia A, Vafaie M, Kazem-nejad A, Kashanian M. The Effect of Relaxation Training Based on Self-efficacy Theory on Mental Health of Pregnant Women. IJPCP. 2006; 12 (2) :109-116
URL: http://ijpcp.iums.ac.ir/article-1-18-en.html
1- , E-mail: faridehbastani@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (12828 Views)


Objectives: The purpose of this study is to assess the effect of relaxa-tion training based on self-efficacy theory, on the mental health of preg- nant women.

Method: In this clinical trial study, 110 primigravid women with medium to high levels of anxiety were assessed in two experimental and control groups. For the experimental group routine prenatal care plus relaxation training was provided, however, the control group was solely exposed to routine prenatal care. Data were gathered using Spielberger Anxiety Questionnaire, Cohen, Kamarck, and Melmerstein Stress Measure, and General Self Efficacy Scale. Analysis was done using t-tests as well as c2, Mann-Whitney, and Wilcoxon tests.

Results: In addition to increasing levels of self-efficacy, this training program led to a significant decrease in three dependent variables (situation anxiety, trait anxiety, and perceived stress).

Conclusion: This educational intervention is indicative of the effective application of self-efficacy theory in relaxation and lowering stress and anxiety in pregnant women.


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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Psychiatry and Psychology
Received: 2007/02/10

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