Volume 12, Issue 3 (10-2006)                   IJPCP 2006, 12(3): 251-257 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (15907 Views)


Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of emotional regulation on happiness and rumination in female students at Isfahan University.

Method: This is a quasi-experimental study. The sample consisted of 75 female students residing at Isfahan University dormitory, who were randomly assigned to three 25-person groups of emotional suppression, reappraisal, and control. All the participants filled in the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire before watching the film. After watching the film, the subjects filled in the questionnaire again. They then answered questions that were aimed at distracting them from the film and finally answered another questionnaire, which was designed to assess their rumination about the story of the film.

Results: There was a significant difference among the emotional suppression group and the two other groups regarding their rumination and happiness. Their rumination was higher than the two groups and their happiness was lower.

Conclusion: The appraisal of emotion before its development, not only prevents severe emotions at encountering a negatively charged emo-tional situation, but also prevents a significant decrease in happiness after an emotionally charged event. In addition, it lessens the mental ruminations that develop subsequent to the emotion.
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Psychiatry and Psychology
Received: 2007/01/27